C.R.S. Section 27-81-114
Rights of persons receiving evaluation, care, or treatment


A facility shall immediately advise each person receiving evaluation, care, or treatment under any provision of this article 81, orally and in writing, that the person has and is afforded the following rights:


To be evaluated to determine the person’s behavioral health treatment needs relating to the use of substances, including alcohol or drugs;


If under an emergency commitment pursuant to section 27-81-111, to refuse to be examined by a licensed physician for certification. A person’s refusal to be examined for certification may be alleged in a petition for involuntary commitment. A person may request to be examined by the person’s physician, or a court may order a person to be evaluated by a licensed physician for certification.


To receive timely medical and behavioral health care and treatment, as specified in law, that is determined based on the person’s needs and that is delivered in the least restrictive treatment setting possible, as set forth in BHA rules;


To be treated fairly and to receive the same consideration and access to appropriate services as others, regardless of race, color, national origin, age, gender identity, gender expression, sexual orientation, political affiliation, religious beliefs, financial status, or disability;


To contest a commitment proceeding or to enter into a stipulated order of the court for committed treatment;


To retain and consult with an attorney at any time and to have an attorney appointed by or provided by the court in a timely manner in any proceedings relating to commitment or recommitment if the person wants the assistance of an attorney and is unable to obtain an attorney;


To at any time seek to be discharged from commitment by an order in the nature of habeas corpus;


Once no longer under the influence of drugs or intoxicated by alcohol, to sign in and seek voluntary substance use disorder treatment, unless the administrator determines in writing that reasonable grounds exist to believe that the person will not remain in voluntary treatment or that the person is clearly dangerous to the health and safety of himself or herself or others;


If in committed treatment, to receive twenty-four-hour notice prior to being transferred to another facility;


To have reasonable opportunities for continuing visitation and communication with the person’s family and friends, consistent with an effective treatment program and as determined in BHA rules. Each person may meet with the person’s attorney, clergyperson, or health-care provider at any time.


To have reasonable access to mail and writing materials, including postage, as well as the assistance of facility staff if the person is unable to write, prepare, or mail correspondence;


Subject to BHA rules relating to the use of telephones and other communication devices, to have reasonable access to telephones or other communication devices, and to make and to receive calls or communications in privacy. Facility staff shall not open, delay, intercept, read, or censor mail or other communications or use mail or other communications as a method to enforce compliance with facility staff.


To wear his or her own clothes, keep and use personal possessions, and keep and be allowed to spend a reasonable sum of the person’s own money;


To have access to medical records;


To have treatment records remain confidential, except as required by law;


To not be fingerprinted, unless required by law;


To refuse to be photographed, except for treatment facility identification purposes;


To have the opportunity to register and vote by absentee ballot with the assistance of facility staff;


To have appropriate access to adequate food, water, and hygiene products;


To have physical privacy in showering, changing, and using the restroom; and


To be free of restraints and solitary confinement.


Only qualified staff providing evaluation, treatment, or care for a person may deny or restrict the person’s rights under subsection (1) of this section if the person’s health or safety would be clearly endangered if the rights were not denied or restricted. If a person’s rights are denied or restricted, the reason for the denial or restriction must be explained to the person and entered into the person’s treatment record. The facility shall provide the person and the person’s attorney the information pertaining to a denial or restriction of rights contained in the person’s treatment record. The person’s rights must be immediately restored as soon as the person’s health and safety are no longer clearly endangered.


A person receiving evaluation, care, or treatment under any provision of this article 81 may submit a grievance or complaint against the facility or facility staff pursuant to a grievance or complaint process, which is explained to the person in detail and included with the oral and written explanation of rights.


As part of the immediate oral and written advisement of the rights enumerated in this section, a facility shall also include the telephone number and e-mail address for the office of the ombudsman for behavioral health access to care, created in section 27-80-303. The written advisements must be translated if the person cannot read or understand English. The administrator shall cause the rights enumerated in this section to be posted in a prominent location where clients in the facility reside, which posting must also include the number and e-mail address for the office of the ombudsman for behavioral health access to care, created in section 27-80-303.

Source: Section 27-81-114 — Rights of persons receiving evaluation, care, or treatment, https://leg.­colorado.­gov/sites/default/files/images/olls/crs2023-title-27.­pdf (accessed Oct. 20, 2023).

Green check means up to date. Up to date

Current through Fall 2024

§ 27-81-114’s source at colorado​.gov