C.R.S. Section 31-35-402


In addition to the powers which it may now have, any municipality, without any election of the qualified electors thereof, has power under this part 4:


To acquire by gift, purchase, lease, or exercise of the right of eminent domain, to construct, to reconstruct, to improve, to better, and to extend water facilities or sewerage facilities or both, wholly within or wholly without the municipality or partially within and partially without the municipality, and to acquire by gift, purchase, or the exercise of the right of eminent domain lands, easements, and rights in land in connection therewith;


To operate and maintain water facilities or sewerage facilities or both for its own use and for the use of public and private consumers and users within and without the territorial boundaries of the municipality, but no water service or sewerage service or combination of them shall be furnished in any other municipality unless the approval of such other municipality is obtained as to the territory in which the service is to be rendered;


To accept loans or grants or both from the United States under any federal law in force to aid in financing the cost of engineering, architectural, or economic investigations or studies, surveys, designs, plans, working drawings, specifications, procedures, or other action preliminary to the construction of water facilities or sewerage facilities or both;


To accept loans or grants or both from the United States under any federal law in force for the construction of necessary water facilities or sewerage facilities or both;


To enter into joint operating agreements, contracts, or arrangements with consumers concerning water facilities or sewerage facilities or both, whether acquired or constructed by the municipality or consumer, and to accept grants and contributions from consumers for the construction of water facilities or sewerage facilities or both. When determined by its governing body to be in the public interest and necessary for the protection of the public health, any municipality is authorized to enter into and perform contracts, whether long-term or short-term but in no event exceeding fifty years, with any consumer for the provision and operation by the municipality of sewerage facilities to abate or reduce the pollution of waters caused by discharges of wastes by a consumer and the payment periodically by the consumer to the municipality of amounts at least sufficient, in the determination of such governing body, to compensate the municipality for the cost of providing, including payment of principal and interest charges, if any, and of operating and maintaining the sewerage facilities serving such consumer.


To prescribe, revise, and collect in advance or otherwise, from any consumer or any owner or occupant of any real property connected therewith or receiving service therefrom, rates, fees, tolls, and charges or any combination thereof for the services furnished by, or the direct or indirect connection with, or the use of, or any commodity from such water facilities or sewerage facilities or both, including, without limiting the generality of the foregoing, minimum charges, charges for the availability of service, tap fees, disconnection fees, reconnection fees, and reasonable penalties for any delinquencies, including but not necessarily limited to interest on delinquencies from any date due at a rate of not exceeding one percent per month or fraction thereof, reasonable attorneys’ fees, and other costs of collection without any modification, supervision, or regulation of any such rates, fees, tolls, or charges by any board, agency, bureau, commission, or official other than the governing body collecting them; and in anticipation of the collection of the revenues of such water facilities or sewerage facilities, or joint system, to issue revenue bonds to finance in whole or in part the cost of acquisition, construction, reconstruction, improvement, betterment, or extension of the water facilities or sewerage facilities, or both; and to issue temporary bonds until permanent bonds and any coupons appertaining thereto have been printed and exchanged for the temporary bonds;


To pledge to the punctual payment of said bonds and interest thereon all or any part of the revenues of the water facilities or sewerage facilities or both, including the revenues of improvements, betterments, or extensions thereto thereafter constructed or acquired, as well as the revenues of existing water facilities or sewerage facilities or both;


To enter into and perform contracts and agreements with other municipalities for or concerning the planning, construction, lease, or other acquisition and the financing of water facilities or sewerage facilities or both and the maintenance and operation thereof. Pursuant to any such contracts or agreements, such municipalities may obligate themselves to make payments in amounts which shall be sufficient to enable any municipality which finances such water facilities or sewerage facilities or both to meet its expenses, the interest and principal payments for its bonds, its reasonable reserves for debt service, operation and maintenance, and renewals and replacements, and the requirements of any rate covenant with respect to debt service coverage contained in any resolution, ordinance, or other security instrument. Such contracts or agreements may contain such other terms and conditions as the municipalities may determine, including but not limited to provisions whereby a municipality is obligated to pay for the output, capacity, or use of any project irrespective of whether such output, capacity, or use is produced or delivered to the municipality or whether any project contemplated by any such agreement is completed, operable, or operating, and notwithstanding suspension, interruption, interference, reduction, or curtailment of the output, use, or service of such project. Subject to local charter and state constitutional limitations, such contracts or agreements may also provide that if one or more of the municipalities default in the payment of its obligations under any such contract or agreement, the remaining municipalities which also have such agreements shall be required to accept and pay for, and shall be entitled proportionately to use or otherwise dispose of, the output, capacity, or use of the project contracted for by the defaulting municipalities. The obligations of a municipality under such contracts or agreements shall either constitute special obligations of the municipality, payable solely from the revenues and other moneys derived by the municipality from its water facilities, sewerage facilities, or both, and shall be treated as expenses of operating such facilities or, in the discretion of such municipality and subject to satisfaction of any requirements of law governing or limiting the incurrence of debt by such municipality, shall constitute a general obligation of such municipality. Notwithstanding the provisions of section 6 (3) of article XI of the state constitution, where such contract or agreement is to constitute a general obligation of such municipality and where such contract or agreement provides that the municipality shall be required to accept and pay for the output, capacity, or use of the project contracted for by a defaulting municipality, such contract or agreement shall not be entered into unless the question of incurring a general obligation for such project has been submitted to and approved at an election conducted by such municipality in accordance with the election laws applicable to such municipality. Any such municipalities so contracting may also provide in any contract or agreement for a board, commission, or such other body as they deem proper for the supervision and general management of the water facilities or sewerage facilities or both and for the operation thereof and may prescribe its powers and duties, including the power to issue revenue bonds pursuant to this part 4, and fix the compensation of the members thereof. For the purposes of this paragraph (h), “municipality” means a municipality as defined in part 1 of article 1 of this title and any other political subdivision of this state, including any entity formed pursuant to intergovernmental contract or agreement, authorized by any law of this state to acquire, operate, and maintain the facilities which are the subject of such contract or agreement.


To make all contracts, execute all instruments, and do all things necessary or convenient in the exercise of the powers granted in this section, or in the performance of its covenants or duties, or in order to secure the payment of its bonds if no encumbrance, mortgage, or other pledge of property, excluding any pledged revenues, of the municipality is created thereby, and if no property, other than money, of the municipality is liable to be forfeited or taken in payment of said bonds, and if no debt on the credit of the municipality is thereby incurred in any manner for any purpose; and


To issue water or sewer or joint water and sewer refunding revenue bonds to refund, pay, or discharge all or any part of its outstanding water or sewer or joint water and sewer revenue bonds issued under this part 4 or under any other law, including any interest thereon in arrears or about to become due, or for the purpose of reducing interest costs, effecting a change in any particular year or years in the principal and interest payable thereon or in the related utility rates to be charged, effecting other economies, or modifying or eliminating restrictive contractual limitations appertaining to the issuance of additional bonds or to any municipal water facilities or sewerage facilities, or both, as provided in section 31-35-412.

Source: Section 31-35-402 — Powers, https://leg.­colorado.­gov/sites/default/files/images/olls/crs2023-title-31.­pdf (accessed Oct. 20, 2023).

Powers - canals - water rights - diversion - ratification of prior rights
Ditch and canal management
Trustees of waterworks - duties
First election of trustees
Trustees - qualifications
Regular election of trustees
Trustees - quorum - existing boards - secretary
Acts of board - meetings - vacancies - compensation and bond
Semiannual statement of condition
Annual statement of estimate
Leasing of water - no rights vested
Construction of water mains
Petition - plans - contract
Necessity declared by ordinance
Streets and alleys - eminent domain
Sidewalks - assessment - hearing - lien
Other laws not affected
Authorization of facilities and bonds
Bond provisions
Signatures on bonds
Tax exemption
Covenants in bond ordinance
No municipal liability on bonds
Remedies of bondholders
Construction of part 4
Pledge of other utility revenues
Refunding bonds
Incontestable recital in bonds
Application of bond proceeds
Continuing rights of bondholders
Effect of and limitations upon validation
Creation of board
Board - appointments - removal - bonds - meetings
Oath - officers
Board’s administrative powers
Meetings of board
Additional administrative powers
Budgets, accounts, and audits
Records of board
Conflicts in interest prohibited
Authorization of facilities
Implementing powers
Additional powers of municipality
Financial powers of municipality
Other powers of board
Owner to be notified
Resolution adopted
Cost of connection ascertained
Work accepted - assessment - certified copy filed - lien
Appropriation from general fund
Assessments payable - proviso
Payment in installments optional
Installment payments - due date - interest
Default in payment - penalty
Discount for cash payment
Payment of assessments - default - sale
Owner of interest may pay his share
When collections paid to municipality
Construction of part 6
Governing body to fix rates and charges
Revenue kept in separate fund
Failure to pay rates and charges - lien
Prior rates and charges declared valid
Surplus revenue diverted to general fund
Cities or towns may provide service outside boundaries
Governing body agency of state
Publication of ordinance
Contents of ordinance
Protest - board of adjustment
Continuing annual charges
Date and place of payment
Nonpayment - penalty - lien
Voluntary discontinuance by owner
Duty to maintain system
Rates may be collected by action
Owner to obtain permit - penalty
Green check means up to date. Up to date

Current through Fall 2024

§ 31-35-402’s source at colorado​.gov