C.R.S. Section 37-46-109
Authority of board to levy taxes


Intentionally left blank —Ed.


In addition to other means of providing revenue for the district, the board of directors has the power to fix the amount of an assessment upon the property within the district, not to exceed two and one-half mills for every dollar of valuation for assessment therein as a level or general levy to be used for the purpose of paying the expenses of organization, for surveys and plans, to pay the salaries of officers and the per diem allowed to directors and their expenses, for the costs and expenses of construction or partial construction of any project designed or intended to accomplish the utilization of water, by storage or otherwise, for any beneficial uses or purposes, and for other incidental expenses which may be incurred in the administration of the affairs of the district.


and (c) Repealed.


Upon the receipt of any proceeds of a tax levy made under paragraph (a) of this subsection (1), if any items of expense have already been paid in whole or in part from any other sources by the district, they may be repaid from receipts of such levy. Such levy may be made, although the work proposed or any part thereof may have been found impractical or for other reasons abandoned. The collection of data and the payment of expenses therefor, including the compensation of engineers and attorneys and clerical assistants, to conserve the water of the district and to enable the district to adopt plans and projects for the orderly development of the district are hereby declared to be a matter of general benefit to the public welfare and such that taxes for said purposes may be properly imposed in the opinion of the general assembly.


If this subsection (1) or any clause, phrase, or part thereof is held unconstitutional or invalid by any court of competent jurisdiction, such decision shall not affect the validity or force of any other part of this section or any other part of this law, and the general assembly hereby declares it would have enacted the remainder of this article without this subsection (1).


The board of said district may, in lieu of the level or general tax authorized by subsection (1) of this section, levy special assessments upon all real estate within the district, except such real estate as is exempted in this article, to raise funds to pay expenses of organization, salaries, expenses, and per diem allowances of officers and directors and to prepare a general plan for the maintenance of constant stream flow and adequate water supplies in all the principal tributaries and the main stream of the Colorado river in said district and provide for future development of the district and insure water therefor. Such assessments shall be made in proportion to the benefits to each piece of real estate accruing by reason of the adoption of a comprehensive plan of development of the natural resources of the district as a whole. The board of directors, if it deems it advisable at any time before levying special assessments, shall appraise the benefits to the several parcels of real estate within the district which shall result from the organization of said district and the general plans and development aforesaid. The board may adopt rules for such purpose and provide inter alia for notice and hearing to all persons affected thereby. A permanent record, arranged by counties, of the benefits which will accrue to each tract of land shall be kept, and such benefits shall be apportioned over a series of years, the amount to be collected each year to be in the discretion of the board; but the amount of such assessment to be levied and assessed against the real property in said district in any one year shall not exceed a total of seventy-five hundred dollars, and it is hereby declared that the amount of special benefits accruing annually to the real estate in said district is in excess of such amount. All property owned by the state, counties, cities, towns, school districts, or other governmental agencies shall be exempt from taxation or special levies under this article.


Prior to October 15 of each year in which an assessment is made, the board of directors shall appoint a time and place where it will meet within the district for the purpose of hearing objections to assessments at least thirty days prior to the dates so appointed. Notice of such hearing shall be given by posting a notice thereof at or near the door of the treasurer’s office in each county in said district and by publishing said notice in a legal newspaper not less than three consecutive times within a period of thirty days, immediately prior to the hearing. The notice posted in each county shall be sufficient if it pertains to the property subject to assessment in said county only and need not contain the description of, or any reference to, property situated in other counties also affected by such assessment. The notice shall contain a description of the real estate so assessed in the county in which said notice is posted and published, the amount of the assessment fixed by the board, and the time and place fixed by the board for the hearing of objections to such assessments. It shall not be necessary for the notice to contain a separate description of the lots or tracts of real estate, but it shall be sufficient if the said notice contains such descriptions as will inform the owner whether or not his real estate is covered by such descriptions, and to inform the owner of the amount of special assessments thereon.


If, in the opinion of any person whose real estate is assessed, his property has been assessed too high or has been erroneously or illegally assessed, at any time before the date of such hearing, he may file written objections to such assessments, stating the ground of such objections, which statement shall be verified by the affidavit of said person or some other person familiar with the facts. At such hearing the board shall hear such evidence and argument as may be offered concerning the correctness or legality of such assessment and may modify or amend the same. Any owner of property desiring to appeal from the finding of the board as to assessments, within thirty days from the finding of the board, shall file with the clerk of the district court of the county in which the property is situated, a written notice making demand for a trial by the court. At the same time, the appellant shall file a bond with good and sufficient security, to be approved by the clerk of said court, in a sum not exceeding two hundred dollars, to the effect that, if the finding of the court is not more favorable to the appellant than the finding of the board, the appellant will pay the costs of the appeal. The appellant shall state definitely from what part of the order the appeal is taken. In case more than one appeal is taken, upon a showing that the same may be consolidated without injury to the interests of anyone, the court may consolidate and try the appeals together.


The court shall not disturb the findings of the board unless the finding of the board in any case is manifestly disproportionate to the assessments imposed upon other property in the district created under this article. The trial shall be to the court, and the matter shall take precedence before the court and shall be taken up as promptly as may be after the appeal is filed. If no appeal is taken from the finding of the board within the time prescribed in this section, or after the finding of the district court in case an appeal is taken from the finding of the board, then said assessments shall be final and conclusive evidence that said assessments have been made in proportion to the benefits conferred upon each tract of real estate of said district by reason of the general plans of survey, comprehensive plan of development, and the completion of improvements to be constructed under the provisions of this article, and such assessments shall constitute a perpetual lien as provided in section 37-46-121 upon the real estate so assessed until paid.

Source: Section 37-46-109 — Authority of board to levy taxes, https://leg.­colorado.­gov/sites/default/files/images/olls/crs2023-title-37.­pdf (accessed Oct. 20, 2023).

Legislative declaration
District body corporate - area
Board of directors
Compensation of directors
Vacancies - secretary and treasurer
General powers
Principal office - meetings
Authority of board to levy taxes
Taxes - determination and collection
Levies to cover district’s deficiencies
Rules and regulations
Notice of hearing on petition
Protesting of petitions
Alternative procedure for organizing a subdistrict
Board of directors to prepare plans
Appointment of appraisers
Compensation of appraisers
Board bound by financing plan
Directors may make assessments
Improvement district bonds
Assessments perpetual lien
Invalid assessments - board remedy
Assessment record as evidence
Remedies in case of faulty notice
Lawful contracts
Issuance of general obligation bonds and revenue bonds
Subdistrict’s levy of taxes
Levy and collection of subdistrict’s taxes
Levies to cover subdistrict deficiencies
County to levy and collect
Delinquent taxes
Maintenance assessment
Annual levy limit
Investment of surplus funds
Sinking fund
Court confirmation
Allocation of water or service
Election to authorize debt
Definition of elector
Election resolution
Conduct of election
Notice of election
Polling places
Election supplies
Election returns
Debt election contests
Covenants and other provisions in bonds
Liens on pledged revenues
Rights - powers of holders of bonds - trustees
Investments and securities
Rents and charges
Miscellaneous powers
Cooperative powers
Joint action entity
Correlative powers of political subdivisions
Green check means up to date. Up to date

Current through Fall 2024

§ 37-46-109’s source at colorado​.gov