(1)“Coal” means coal which has been processed into the form in which it is sold or otherwise used. Such processing includes, but is not limited to, cleaning and washing.
(1.5)“Commercial production”, for a commercial oil shale facility, means production from such facility in excess of the first fifteen thousand tons per day of oil shale or ten thousand barrels per day of shale oil, whichever is greater. The calculation of the daily production shall be determined by dividing the total production of a calendar month by the total number of days in such month.
(2)“Executive director” means the executive director of the department of revenue.
(2.5)For tax years commencing on or after January 1, 2000, “gas” means natural gas, coalbed methane, and carbon dioxide.
(3)“Gross income” means:
(a)For oil and gas, the net amount realized by the taxpayer for sale of the oil or gas, whether the sale occurs at the wellhead or after transportation, manufacturing, and processing of the product. Net amount shall be calculated pursuant to rules promulgated by the department of revenue on the basis of the gross lease revenues, less deductions for direct costs actually paid or accrued by the taxpayer for transportation, manufacturing, and processing of the product. For purposes of this subsection (3)(a), direct costs include depreciation. Where the parties to the sale are related parties and the sales price is lower than the price for which that oil or gas could otherwise have been sold to a ready, willing, and able buyer and where the taxpayer was legally able to sell the oil or gas to such a buyer, gross income shall be determined by reference to comparable arms-length sales of like kind, quality, and quantity in the same field or area, less deductions for transportation, manufacturing, and processing done prior to the sale. For purposes of this subsection (3)(a), “related parties” shall be defined by the department of revenue pursuant to rules and regulations.
(b)For metallic minerals, the value of ore immediately after its removal from the mine, and does not include any value added subsequent to mining by any treatment processes, such as crushing, grinding or concentration, by transportation from the mine, or by marketing of such ore or any products derived therefrom, but does not include income from the extraction or processing of ores or minerals from mine waste or residue of previously processed ores.
(4)“Gross proceeds”, for oil shale, means the value of the oil shale at the point of severance. Such value shall be determined by deducting from the first sales price of the shale oil all costs, including direct and indirect expenditures, for:
(a)Equipment and machinery;
(b)Fragmenting, crushing, conveying, beneficiating, pyrolysis, retorting, refining, and transporting; and
(4.5)“Local units of government locally impacted” means units of government in the geographic area wherein reside employees of the operation producing the minerals and mineral fuels taxed pursuant to this article. The geographic area shall be determined on the basis of residence as reported in accordance with section 39-29-110 (1)(d).
(5)“Metallic minerals” means all minerals except molybdenum, oil and gas, carbon dioxide, coal, oil shale, rock, sand, gravel, stone products, earths, limestone, and dolomite.
(6)“Molybdenum ore” means ore which is mined primarily for the extraction of molybdenum therefrom.
(6.5)For tax years commencing on or after January 1, 2000, “oil” means crude oil and condensate.
(7)“Transportation” means the cost of moving identifiable, measurable oil or gas, including gas that is not in need of initial separation, from the point at which it is first identifiable and measurable to the sales point or other point where value is established. Any compression downstream of the meter or measurement point is deductible as a component of transportation. “Gathering” means the movement of an unseparated, bulk production stream to a point, on or off the lease, where the production stream undergoes initial separation into identifiable oil, gas, or free water and is not deductible as transportation. This definition shall not be construed to affect the legal relationship between royalty owners and lessees.
Section 39-29-102 — Definitions,
https://leg.colorado.gov/sites/default/files/images/olls/crs2023-title-39.pdf (accessed Oct. 20, 2023).