Real property tax
- tax equivalent
(1)Intentionally left blank —Ed.
(a)Individuals having resided within this state for the entire taxable year who are sixty-five years of age or older during the taxable year shall be eligible for a grant to be determined with respect to the income taxes imposed by article 22 of this title based upon the payment by such persons of real estate taxes, including taxes on mobile homes, or trailer coach specific ownership tax on, or tax-equivalent payments with respect to, such residences occupied by such persons, subject to the additional qualification requirements of this section.
(b)Intentionally left blank —Ed.
(I)Spouses are treated as jointly qualifying for the grant under paragraph (a) of this subsection (1) if either spouse meets the age requirement and they jointly meet all the limitations of subsection (3) of this section. In all cases spouses must file one joint claim.
(II)A surviving spouse fifty-eight years of age or older shall be treated as qualifying for the grant under paragraph (a) of this subsection (1) if such surviving spouse meets all the limitations imposed by subsection (3) of this section.
(c)Intentionally left blank —Ed.
(I)The grant authorized by this section shall also be allowed to individuals having resided in this state for the entire taxable year and coming within the limitations imposed by subsection (3) of this section who, regardless of age, have a disability during the entire taxable year to a degree sufficient to qualify for the payment to them of full benefits from any bona fide public or private plan or source based solely upon such disability.
(II)An individual has a disability for the purposes of subparagraph (I) of this paragraph (c) if such individual is unable to engage in any substantial gainful activity by reason of any medically determinable physical or mental impairment that can be expected to result in death or that has lasted for a continuous period of not less than twelve months.
(d)Eligibility under more than one provision of this subsection (1) shall not operate to increase the amount of any grant available to an individual or spouses under subsection (2) of this section.
(2)A grant is the amount of the general property taxes actually paid on the residence or the amount of taxes actually paid on a mobile home, plus any tax-equivalent payments computed pursuant to subsection (4) of this section, with respect to the rent of a trailer space during the year for which the grant is claimed, the amount of the specific ownership tax actually paid on a trailer coach, or the amount of the tax-equivalent payments, computed pursuant to subsection (4) of this section, actually made during the year for which such grant is claimed, but in no event may it exceed:
(I)and (II)(Deleted by amendment, L. 2014.)(III) Repealed.
(I)and (II)(Deleted by amendment, L. 2014.)(III) Repealed.
(d)For a grant claimed for the 2019 calendar year, either seven hundred thirty-five dollars reduced by ten percent of the claimant’s income over the phase-out amount or the flat grant amount, whichever amount is greater. For a grant claimed for years commencing on or after January 1, 2020, either the maximum grant amount allowed under this subsection (2)(d) for the prior year, adjusted for inflation and reduced by ten percent of the claimant’s income over the phase-out amount, or the flat grant amount, whichever amount is greater.
(2.5)In 2000 and in every even-numbered year thereafter, the finance committees of the senate and the house of representatives shall examine the grant amounts and reduction percentages set forth in subsection (2) of this section, considering the level of the federal poverty index and such other information as is available to the committees, and shall determine whether said amounts and percentages should be modified.
(3)Such grant is allowed to such persons as described in subsection (1) of this section who meet the following requirements:
(a)Are not claimed as an exemption for purposes of Colorado income tax by any other person for the taxable year;
(b)Have income from all sources for the taxable year of less than the maximum eligible income amount, which includes, but is not limited to, for this purpose, alimony, cash public assistance and relief, pension or annuity benefits, federal social security benefits, veterans’ benefits, nontaxable interest, workers’ compensation, and unemployment compensation benefits. For the purposes of this subsection (3)(b), the following are not considered income:
(II)Medicaid payments specifically provided for the payment of medicare premiums;
(II.5)Payments from or income received by a special needs trust; and
(III)Those specific veterans’ benefits that are service-connected disability compensation payments. For the purposes of this subparagraph (III), “service-connected disability compensation payments” means those payments made for permanent disability, which disability shall be limited to loss of or loss of use of both lower extremities so as to preclude locomotion without the aid of braces, crutches, canes, or a wheelchair; loss of use of both hands; blindness in both eyes, including such blindness with only light perception; or loss of one lower extremity together with residuals or organic disease or injury that so affects the functions of balance or propulsion as to preclude locomotion without the use of a wheelchair.
(4)Intentionally left blank —Ed.
(a)The tax-equivalent amount for persons otherwise qualified who paid rent for the right to occupy premises as a residence during the taxable year is twenty percent of the actual rent paid during the taxable year, not including any charge for utilities or food.
(b)To qualify as a tax-equivalent payment, rent must have been paid as a part of a bona fide tenancy or leasing agreement and shall not include any portion of payments made to institutions or facilities commonly known as nursing homes but shall include rent paid for the use of a mobile home or paid on trailer space if paid as a part of a bona fide tenancy.
(5)As used in this section:
(a)“Flat grant amount” means an amount equal to two hundred thirty-eight dollars for the 2019 calendar year, and for each year thereafter the amount for the prior year adjusted for inflation.
(b)“Inflation” means the annual percentage change in the United States department of labor, bureau of labor statistics, consumer price index for Denver-Aurora-Lakewood for all items and all urban consumers, or its successor index.
(c)“Maximum eligible income amount” means:
(I)For an individual, income that is less than or equal to fifteen thousand one hundred ninety-two dollars for the 2019 calendar year and for each year thereafter, the amount for the prior year adjusted for inflation; and
(II)For spouses, income that is less than or equal to twenty thousand five hundred eighteen dollars for the 2019 calendar year and for each year thereafter, the amount for the prior year adjusted for inflation.
(d)“Phase-out amount” means:
(I)In the case of an individual, an amount equal to eight thousand one hundred sixty-nine dollars for the 2019 calendar year and for each year thereafter, the amount for the prior year adjusted for inflation; and
(II)In the case of spouses, an amount equal to thirteen thousand two hundred five dollars for the 2019 calendar year and for each year thereafter, the amount for the prior year adjusted for inflation.
Section 39-31-101 — Real property tax - tax equivalent - assistance - eligibility - applicability - definitions,
https://leg.colorado.gov/sites/default/files/images/olls/crs2023-title-39.pdf (accessed Oct. 20, 2023).