C.R.S. Section 11-109-104

  • banking board
  • commissioner


In addition to the other powers conferred on the banking board by this article, the banking board shall have the power to:


Implement by order and rule any provision of this article and to obtain restraining orders and injunctions to prevent violation of and to enforce compliance with the provisions of this article and the orders and rules issued thereunder. In the exercise of the power to make orders and issue rules, the banking board shall act in the interests of maintaining sound trust companies and the security of fiduciary funds.


Regulate the procedure and the practice at hearings;


Order any person or a trust company to cease violating any provision of this article or any rule and to mail a copy of the order to the person or trust company and to each director of the trust company;


Suspend, after notice and hearing, any officer or director for fraud, theft, or failure to comply with the provisions of this article or with any valid order or rule;


Subpoena witnesses, require the production of evidence, administer oaths, and examine any person under oath in connection with any matter relating to the powers and duties of the banking board;


Require that each trust company maintain such insurance and bonds as necessary and appropriate;


Approve amendments to a trust company’s articles of incorporation;


Approve or disapprove a change of location;


Approve or disapprove any merger or other corporate reorganization;


Require a trust company holding fiduciary funds pursuant to section 11-109-906 to collateralize such funds as are in excess of federally insured amounts in accordance with the rules adopted by the banking board;


Require that a trust company that is accepting deposits pursuant to section 11-109-201 (1)(d) limit the aggregate amount of such deposits.


If the banking board has reason to believe that the capital of any trust company is inadequate under the rules of the banking board, the banking board may ascertain the facts and furnish the trust company with a copy of its determination. If the banking board finds an inadequacy of capital based upon such determination, the commissioner, with the approval of the banking board, may direct the trust company to levy an assessment in a designated amount upon the holders of record of common stock to remedy the inadequacy of capital. Upon receipt of an order to levy an assessment, the directors shall cause to be sent to all holders of common stock, at their addresses, a copy of the order and a copy of this subsection (2). If an assessment is not paid within the time prescribed in the order or such shorter period as the directors decide, but not less than thirty days, the trust company may, within sixty days thereafter as the banking board may prescribe in its order, offer the shares of the defaulting stockholders for sale at public auction or private sale at a price that shall not be less than the amount of the assessment and the cost of the sale. Any excess shall be paid to the prior owners. The method of collection provided in this subsection (2) shall be the sole method of collecting assessments. If an assessment is not paid within ninety days after the date of the order to levy or at such other date as may be specified in the order, but in no event less than thirty days, the commissioner may, with the approval of the banking board, proceed pursuant to section 11-109-702. However, for good cause shown to the banking board by the affected trust company, the banking board may extend the ninety-day limit.


The term “shareholder” shall apply not only to such persons as appear on the books of the trust company as shareholders, but also to every owner of stock, legal or equitable, although the stock may stand on such books in the name of another person, but not to a person that holds the stock as collateral security for the payment of a debt.


Any trust company shareholder that has transferred such shareholder’s shares, caused such transfer to appear on the books of the trust company within sixty days before the capital inadequacy of such trust company, or that has made such transfer with knowledge of such impending capital inadequacy shall be liable to the same extent that the transferee or subsequent transferee fails to meet such liability. This section shall not be construed to affect in any way any recourse that such shareholder might otherwise have against those in whose names such shares appear upon the books of the trust company at the time of such capital inadequacy.


No stockholder of a trust company shall set off against the stockholder’s liability any claim such stockholder may have as a depositor in or creditor of any insolvent trust company.


The commissioner shall examine the books and records of every trust company as often as deemed advisable and to the extent required by the banking board; shall make and file a correct report in detail disclosing the results of such examination; and shall mail a copy of such report to the trust company examined.


The commissioner shall examine, as often as deemed advisable and to the extent required by the banking board, any electronic data processing centers of a trust company or any electronic data processing centers that serve a trust company, without regard to the location of the electronic data processing center; shall make and file in the commissioner’s office a correct report in detail disclosing the results of such examination; and shall mail a copy of such report to the data processing centers examined and the trust company that they serve.


Intentionally left blank —Ed.


The commissioner, if he or she deems it necessary or if required by the banking board, may examine the books and records of the controlling shareholder of a trust company and any affiliated entities of the controlling shareholder for the purpose of determining the safety and soundness of the trust company. If the controlling shareholder or affiliate’s records are located outside this state, the controlling shareholder or affiliate shall either make them available to the commissioner at a convenient location within this state or pay the reasonable and necessary expenses for the commissioner or the commissioner’s representative to examine them at the place where they are located. The commissioner may designate representatives, including comparable officials of the state in which the records are located, to inspect them on the commissioner’s behalf. If a controlling shareholder or affiliate refuses to permit the commissioner to make an examination, the banking board may fine such controlling shareholder or affiliate an amount not to exceed one thousand dollars for each day any such refusal continues. In lieu of any examination required by this subsection (8), the commissioner may accept an audit for the previous fiscal year prepared by an independent certified public accountant, independent registered accountant, or other independent qualified person. If the commissioner accepts an audit prepared by such independent person, no costs thereof shall be borne by the commissioner and all costs of such audit shall remain the obligation of the controlling shareholder or affiliate.


For purposes of this subsection (8):


“Affiliated entity” or “affiliate” means an entity in control of a controlling shareholder.


“Controlling shareholder” means a shareholder in control of a trust company.


“In control of” means that an entity or shareholder meets the same criteria for acquiring control as is set forth in section 11-102-303 for acquiring control of a state bank.

Source: Section 11-109-104 — Powers - banking board - commissioner, https://leg.­colorado.­gov/sites/default/files/images/olls/crs2023-title-11.­pdf (accessed Oct. 20, 2023).

Use of words “trust” or “trust company”
Applicability of powers of banking board and bank commissioner to trust companies
Powers - banking board - commissioner
No private right of action
Powers of trust companies
Offices of trust companies
Activities not requiring a charter
Federal deposit insurance required
Transactions with affiliates
Trust company organized as a limited liability company
Application fee
Application for charter
Procedure for granting or denying charter
Acquisition of majority control over an existing trust company - definitions
Reports to the banking board and to the commissioner
Directors’ meetings - duties
Director and officer insurance and fidelity bonds - legislative declaration
Penalty for noncompliance with the law
Assessment of civil money penalties by banking board
No indemnification or insurance against civil money penalties
Removal of director, officer, or other person
Suspension of director, officer, or other person
Informal enforcement authority
Receipt of deposits while insolvent
Discontinuance of trust business - voluntary liquidation and dissolution
Involuntary liquidation
Emergency grant of new charter
Liquidation by commissioner - procedure
Appeals procedure
Injunctions - appeals
Reserves against deposits
Substitution of trust companies
Laws governing individuals apply
Separation of fiduciary funds
Funds awaiting investment or distribution
Extensions of credit
Green check means up to date. Up to date

Current through Fall 2024

§ 11-109-104’s source at colorado​.gov