- limits on collections
(1)A credit against the tax accrued or payable or a refund of tax paid is allowed for the tax imposed by this part 1 on gasoline or special fuel that is lost or destroyed by fire, lightning, flood, windstorm, explosion, accident, or other cause beyond the control of the distributor or transporter of such gasoline or special fuel. This credit or refund is allowed only on gasoline or special fuel in quantities of one hundred gallons or more lost or destroyed at any one time. Any loss of gasoline or special fuel while in transit or while being loaded or unloaded is subject to credit or refund under this section. After any such loss or destruction, the distributor or transporter must notify the executive director of the department of revenue within thirty days of such loss or destruction and, within the same deadline, must file with the executive director proof sufficient to establish the loss or destruction as the executive director may require. A refund of previously paid tax is allowed to the distributor or transporter in control of the gasoline or special fuel at the time it is lost or destroyed regardless of whether such person paid the tax imposed by this part 1 on the gasoline or special fuel lost or destroyed.
(1.5)A refund is allowed for the tax paid on gasoline or special fuel pursuant to this part 1 that was erroneously paid due to mistake of fact, law, or computation. The person who has paid any such tax may, within three years from the date of payment thereof, file with the department of revenue an application for refund of such tax so erroneously paid. The application must be on such forms as prescribed by the department of revenue. This subsection (1.5) does not apply to any refund claimable pursuant to subsection (1), (2), (2.5), or (3) of this section.
(2)Unless purchased ex-tax pursuant to section 39-27-102.5 (2)(b), a refund is made or credit allowed for the tax paid on all gasoline or special fuel that is purchased by the United States or any of its agencies, the state of Colorado or any of its agencies, any town, city, county, or any other political subdivision of the state. Except as provided in section 39-27-102.5 (2)(b)(III)(C), the gasoline or special fuel with respect to which a refund is claimed under this subsection (2) must be used exclusively by the governmental entity in performing its governmental functions and activities in any machines owned or operated by the governmental entity. Any other use or any resale for any other use is a violation of subsection (3)(c) of this section.
(2.5)Unless purchased ex-tax pursuant to section 39-27-102.5 (2.5), a refund is made pursuant to subsection (3) of this section for the tax paid on the following purchases of gasoline or special fuel:
(a)Products, including kerosene, specially prepared, sold, and used in aircraft operated by scheduled air carriers or commuter airline operators exempt from the federal aviation fuels tax;
(b)Gasoline used by domestic or foreign part 121 air carriers or part 135 commuter air carriers authorized to provide passenger and cargo air transportation services pursuant to the regulations of the office of the secretary of transportation and federal aviation administration of the United States department of transportation. For those air carriers that are certificated by the United States department of transportation for both part 121 air carrier operations and part 135 on-demand operations, this subsection (2.5)(b) shall not apply to the air carrier’s part 135 on-demand operations; and
(c)Gasoline used by direct air carriers providing air transportation to authorized public charter operators pursuant to 14 CFR 380.
(2.7)A refund is made pursuant to subsection (3) of this section to any person who purchases gasoline or special fuel upon which the tax imposed by this part 1 has been paid if the gasoline or special fuel is used for the purpose of:
(a)Operating a stationary gas engine;
(b)Operating a motor vehicle on or over fixed rails;
(c)Operating a tractor, truck, or other farm implement or machine for agricultural purposes on a farm or ranch;
(d)Operating a state-licensed agricultural applicator aircraft from a private landing facility used solely and exclusively for agricultural applications, to the extent of fifty percent of taxes payable pursuant to section 39-27-102 (1)(a)(IV);
(e)Operating a motor boat;
(f)Cleaning or dyeing;
(g)Any commercial use other than the operation of a motor vehicle upon the highways of this state and the operation of any aircraft other than the operation of aircraft specified in subsection (2.5) or (2.7)(d) of this section; or
(h)Any other use that entitles a person to a refund under this part 1 or federal law.
(II)Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, no person shall be entitled to a refund on purchases of gasoline or special fuel in quantities of less than twenty gallons.
(III)The executive director of the department of revenue shall calculate the amount of the refund allowed by subparagraph (I) of this paragraph (a) for gasoline or special fuel use in accordance with the industry-specific percentages of such fuel use exempted by said subparagraph (I) that can be justified by studies done by industries that use the fuel for such exempt purposes, studies done by other states for refunds of tax imposed on the fuel used for such exempt purposes, or studies done by the department about the historical fuel usage for such exempt purposes. The executive director shall set such percentages by rule promulgated in accordance with article 4 of title 24, C.R.S.
(a.3)Intentionally left blank —Ed.
(I)Any person who purchases or uses gasoline for the propulsion of an aircraft shall be entitled to a refund by the controller if:
(A)The use of such gasoline in such aircraft is subject to the excise tax levied pursuant to section 39-27-102 (1)(a)(IV)(A); and
(B)The excise tax actually paid was the excise tax levied pursuant to any provision of section 39-27-102 (1)(a), excluding section 39-27-102 (1)(a)(IV)(A).
(II)The amount of such refund shall be the difference between the amount actually paid and the amount that should have been paid pursuant to section 39-27-102 (1)(a)(IV) as certified by the department of revenue.
(b)All applicants claiming a refund under the provisions of this section shall obtain a refund permit from the department of revenue by application therefor on such forms as it prescribes. Such permits shall be obtained before or at the time the first application for refund is made. The application shall be made under oath and shall contain, among other things, the name, address, and occupation of the applicant, and the nature of the business, and a sufficient description of the machines and equipment in which the gasoline or special fuel is to be used for which a refund may be claimed. Upon approval of the application, the department of revenue shall issue to the applicant a refund permit number, and refund claim forms with the approved exemption percentage to calculate the amount of the refund allowed. The department shall make additional copies of the application for refund forms available to dealers. It is the duty of the department of revenue to keep a record for twenty-four months of all permits issued and cumulative records of the amount of refund claimed and paid thereon.
(c)Refund permits shall be canceled by the department of revenue if no claim is filed by the permit holder for a period of twenty-four months. If any person makes any false statement in an application for a permit or upon any claim for refund or submits with any claim for refund an invoice that does not represent a bona fide purchase of gasoline or special fuel at the time and place and in the quantity indicated on the invoice, or if any dealer or other person prepares an invoice that does not represent a bona fide sale of gasoline or special fuel at the time and place and in the quantity indicated in the invoice, or if any person uses gasoline or special fuel on which refunds are claimed in any motor vehicle on the public highways of this state, except as provided in subsection (2) of this section, said person or dealer commits a class 2 misdemeanor. In addition, the executive director shall forthwith cancel the permit of such person, and such person shall not be issued a new permit within one year after such cancellation.
(d)Application for a refund under this section must be made within twelve months after the date of purchase of the gasoline or special fuel but not more than once each calendar quarter. Such application must be made on forms prescribed and furnished by the executive director of the department of revenue, which contain any information as the executive director may deem necessary. At the time of making each sale and delivery of gasoline or special fuel upon which a refund of tax may be claimed, the dealer shall prepare an invoice, in duplicate, in a form approved by the executive director and containing such information as the executive director may deem necessary and carrying a serial number that shall not be repeated through any one calendar year. No additional invoices covering the same sale and delivery of gasoline or special fuel shall be issued by the dealer. The original copy of such invoice shall be delivered to the purchaser of the gasoline or special fuel, and, upon payment in full of such invoice, the dealer shall enter thereon the dealer’s full name and a notation showing payment thereof. With respect to invoices covering the sale and delivery of gasoline or special fuel to the state or those political subdivisions of the state specified in subsection (2) of this section, it is not necessary for the dealer to enter the dealer’s name and the notation showing payment thereof. Upon proper application, refund is made directly to such political subdivisions upon presentation of the completed refund claim form. Original invoices together with a certification of the date and number of the warrant by which such invoices were paid must be retained by such political subdivisions for a period of twenty-four months. The duplicate copy of the invoice must be retained by the dealer for a period of twenty-four months at the place of business where issued, and such duplicate invoices and other records of the dealer shall be available for examination by the executive director or the executive director’s representatives. The executive director shall make demand for repayment of any refund of tax that has been illegally or erroneously made to any person, and the executive director is authorized to request the attorney general or any district attorney of the state to institute a suit for collection of any money illegally or erroneously refunded to any person.
(e)Except as provided in subsection (2.5) of this section, no refund shall be claimed by or allowed to any person on account of any gasoline or special fuel carried from this state in the ordinary fuel tank of a motor vehicle or aircraft. The application for a refund must be made by the same person who purchased the gasoline or special fuel upon which the tax imposed by this part 1 has been paid as shown in the invoice of the seller thereof. The right of any person to a refund under this part 1 shall not be assignable. No refund of the gasoline or special fuel tax shall be claimed by or allowed to any person on any gasoline or special fuel used for propelling motor vehicles operated in whole or in part during the calendar year upon public highways of the state or upon the streets of any city or town in the state, except as otherwise provided in this subsection (3) or subsection (2) of this section.
(5)If any person is convicted under the provisions of this section, such conviction shall be prima facie evidence that all refunds received by such person during the current year were obtained unlawfully, and the executive director is empowered to bring appropriate action for recovery of such refunds. A brief summary statement of the above mentioned penalties shall be printed on each form of permit and application for refund.
(6)and (7) Repealed.
Section 39-27-103 — Refunds - penalties - checkoff - limits on collections,
https://leg.colorado.gov/sites/default/files/images/olls/crs2023-title-39.pdf (accessed Oct. 20, 2023).