Marijuana tax cash fund
- legislative declaration
(1)The marijuana tax cash fund, referred to in this part 5 as the “fund”, is created in the state treasury. The fund consists of any applicable retail marijuana sales tax transferred pursuant to section 39-28.8-203 (1)(b) on or after July 1, 2014, and any revenues transferred to the fund from any sales tax imposed pursuant to section 39-26-106 on the retail sale of products under article 10 of title 44.
(b)Intentionally left blank —Ed.
(I)The general assembly hereby finds and declares that the retail marijuana excise tax and sales tax created a new revenue stream for the state, and the basis of these taxes is the legalization of marijuana, which presents unique issues and challenges for the state and local governments. Thus, there is a need to use some of the sales tax revenue for marijuana-related purposes. But, as this is revenue from a tax, the general assembly may appropriate this money for any purpose.
(II)The general assembly further declares that the new retail marijuana tax revenue presents an opportunity to invest in services, support, intervention, and treatment related to marijuana and other drugs.
(III)Therefore, the purposes identified in this subsection (2) prioritize appropriations related to legalized marijuana, such as drug use prevention and treatment, protecting the state’s youth, and ensuring the public peace, health, and safety.
(IV)Subject to the limitation in subsection (5) of this section, the general assembly may annually appropriate any money in the fund for the following purposes:
(A)To educate people about marijuana to prevent its illegal use or legal abuse;
(B)To provide services for adolescents and school-aged children in school settings or through community-based organizations;
(C)To treat and provide related services to people with any type of substance use or mental health disorder, including those with co-occurring disorders, or to evaluate the effectiveness and sufficiency of behavioral health services;
(D)For jail-based and other behavioral health services for persons involved in or diverted from the criminal justice system;
(E)For state regulatory enforcement, policy coordination, or litigation defense costs related to retail or medical marijuana;
(F)For law enforcement and law enforcement training, including any expenses for the police officers standards and training board training or certification;
(G)For the promotion of public health, including poison control, prescription drug take-back programs, the creation of a marijuana laboratory testing reference library, and other public health services related to controlled substances;
(H)To study the use of marijuana and other drugs, their health effects, and other social impacts related to them;
(I)To research, regulate, study, and test hemp or hemp seeds;
(J)and (K) Repealed.
(L)For the Colorado veterans’ service-to-career program created in part 2 of article 14.3 of title 8;
(M)For the expenses of the department of education and the department of public health and environment in developing and maintaining the resource bank for educational materials on marijuana and providing technical assistance as required in section 22-2-127.7;
(N)For housing, rental assistance, and supportive services, including reentry services, pursuant to section 24-32-721;
(O)For the development of local dually identified crossover youth plans and services as described in section 19-2.5-302;
(P)For comprehensive quality physical education instruction pursuant to article 99 of title 22;
(Q)and (R) Repealed.
(S)For the program to support entrepreneurs in the marijuana industry created in section 24-48.5-128 (3);
(T)For expenses relating to the reduction of collateral consequences experienced by people previously sentenced for drug offenses;
(U)For trial court programs administered by the judicial department.
(c)Subject to the limitations in subsection (5) of this section and in addition to the purposes for which the general assembly may appropriate money in the fund specified in subsections (2)(a) and (2)(b) of this section, the general assembly may also direct the state treasurer to transfer money in the fund to the general fund as specified in subsection (4) of this section and to the high-cost special education trust fund.
(3)Any moneys in the fund not expended for the purposes specified in subsection (2) of this section may be invested by the state treasurer as provided by law. All interest and income derived from the investment and deposit of moneys in the fund shall be credited to the fund. Any unexpended and unencumbered moneys remaining in the fund at the end of a fiscal year remain in the fund and shall not be credited or transferred to the general fund or another fund.
(4)Notwithstanding subsection (3) of this section, the state treasurer shall make the following transfers from the fund to the general fund:
(b)On June 30, 2015, thirty million eight hundred eight thousand three hundred sixty-nine dollars;
(c)On August 15, 2015, one hundred thirty-eight thousand four hundred sixty-six dollars;
(d)On July 1, 2016, twenty-six million two hundred seventy-seven thousand six hundred sixty-one dollars;
(e)On June 30, 2018, thirty-seven thousand five hundred dollars for the purpose specified in section 25.5-4-214;
(f)On October 1, 2020, one hundred thirty-six million nine hundred eighty-nine thousand seven hundred fifty dollars.
(4.5)Intentionally left blank —Ed.
(a)On July 1, 2019, the state treasurer shall transfer from the fund to the high-cost special education trust fund, created in section 22-20-114.7, the amount specified in section 22-20-114.7 (2)(b)(I).
(b)This subsection (4.5) is repealed, effective July 1, 2027.
(4.8)The state treasurer shall transfer from the fund to the public school capital construction assistance fund created in section 22-43.7-104:
(a)Fifty million dollars on June 1, 2022; and
(4.9)Intentionally left blank —Ed.
(a)On August 1, 2021, and on August 1 of each year thereafter, the state treasurer shall make the following transfers from the fund:
(I)Thirteen thousand dollars to the restorative justice surcharge fund established in section 18-25-101;
(II)Three hundred eleven thousand dollars to the crime victim compensation fund established in section 24-4.1-117, distributed in accordance with subsection (4.9)(b) of this section; and
(III)Two hundred seventy-four thousand dollars to the victims and witnesses assistance and law enforcement fund established in section 24-4.2-103, distributed in accordance with subsection (4.9)(c) of this section.
(b)The state court administrator shall distribute the money transferred pursuant to subsection (4.9)(a)(II) of this section to the crime victim compensation fund in each judicial district in proportion to each district’s percentage of total statewide surcharges collected pursuant to section 24-4.1-117 (2) for the three-year fiscal year period beginning July 1, 2016. The state court administrator shall not retain any money transferred pursuant to subsection (4.9)(a)(II) of this section for its administrative costs associated with making the distribution.
(c)The state court administrator shall distribute the money transferred pursuant to subsection (4.9)(a)(III) of this section to the victims and witnesses assistance and law enforcement fund in each judicial district in proportion to each district’s percentage of total statewide surcharges collected pursuant to section 24-4.2-103 (1) for the three-year fiscal year period beginning July 1, 2016. The state court administrator shall not retain any money transferred pursuant to subsection (4.9)(a)(III) of this section for its administrative costs associated with making the distribution.
(5)Intentionally left blank —Ed.
(a)In order to create a reserve within the fund that is available for expenditures if actual revenue is less than anticipated revenue, the total amount that the general assembly appropriates from the fund for a state fiscal year shall not exceed the amount that, based on the most recent estimate available, would cause the portion of the money in the fund that is not appropriated for the state fiscal year to be less than fifteen percent of the total amount appropriated from the fund for the state fiscal year.
(b)For purposes of calculating the reserve set forth in subsection (5)(a) of this section:
(I)The most recent estimate available is as of the date of the introduction of the bill that appropriates money from the fund; and
(II)Any portion of the fund that is designated to constitute part of the state emergency reserve for the state fiscal year is excluded from the reserve amount.
(6)To increase transparency, the marijuana enforcement division in the department shall include a link on its website that describes the disposition of the retail marijuana excise tax revenue and how the revenue from the fund was appropriated for the fiscal year 2015-16 and each fiscal year thereafter.
(II)The general assembly shall appropriate one million dollars from the fund in fiscal year 2022-23 to the Colorado school of public health to conduct the research required by section 23-20-143. Any money appropriated pursuant to this subsection (8)(a)(II) that remains at the end of the fiscal year may be retained by the Colorado school of public health to continue research in the next fiscal year.
(III)The general assembly shall appropriate one million dollars from the fund in fiscal year 2023-24 to the Colorado school of public health to conduct the research required by section 23-20-143. Any money appropriated pursuant to this subsection (8)(a) that remains at the end of the fiscal year shall be returned to the marijuana tax cash fund.
(b)This subsection (8) is repealed, effective January 1, 2025.
Section 39-28.8-501 — Marijuana tax cash fund - creation - distribution - legislative declaration - repeal,
https://leg.colorado.gov/sites/default/files/images/olls/crs2023-title-39.pdf (accessed Oct. 20, 2023).