C.R.S. Section 8-3-102
Legislative declaration


The public policy of the state as to employment relations and collective bargaining, in the furtherance of which this article 3 is enacted, is declared to be as follows:


It recognizes that there are three major interests involved, namely: That of the public, the employee, and the employer. These three interests are to a considerable extent interrelated. It is the policy of the state to protect and promote each of these interests with due regard to the situation and to the rights of the others.


Industrial peace, regular and adequate income for the employee, and uninterrupted production of goods and services are promotive of all of these interests. They are largely dependent upon the maintenance of fair, friendly, and mutually satisfactory employment relations and the availability of suitable machinery for the peaceful adjustment of whatever legitimate controversies may arise. It is recognized that certain employers, including farmers and farmer cooperatives, in addition to their general employer problems, face special problems arising from perishable commodities and seasonal production which require adequate consideration. It is also recognized that whatever may be the rights of disputants with respect to each other in any controversy regarding employment relations, they should not be permitted in the conduct of their controversy to intrude directly or indirectly into the primary rights of third parties to earn a livelihood, transact business, and engage in the ordinary affairs of life by any lawful means and free from molestation, interference, intimidation, restraint, or coercion.


Negotiations of terms and conditions of work should result from voluntary agreement between employer and employee. For the purpose of such negotiation, an employee has the right, if he desires, to associate with others in organizing and bargaining collectively through representatives of his own free choosing without intimidation or coercion from any source.


All rights of persons to join labor organizations or unions and their rights and privileges as members of labor organizations or unions should be recognized, safeguarded, and protected. A person shall not be denied membership in a labor organization or union on account of race, creed, color, religion, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, gender expression, marital status, disability, national origin, or ancestry or by any unfair or unjust discrimination. A labor organization or union shall neither require arbitrary or excessive initiation fees and dues nor impose excessive, unwarranted, arbitrary, or oppressive fines, penalties, or forfeitures. The members are entitled to full and detailed reports from their officers, agents, or representatives of all financial transactions and have the right to elect officers by secret ballot and to determine and vote upon the question of striking, not striking, and other questions of policy affecting the entire membership.


In order to preserve and promote the interests of the public, the employee, and the employer alike, the state shall establish standards of fair conduct in employment relations and provide a convenient, expeditious, and impartial tribunal by which these interests may have their respective rights and obligations adjudicated, without limiting the jurisdiction of the courts to protect property, and to prevent and punish the commission of unlawful acts. While limiting individual and group rights of aggression and defense, the state substitutes processes of justice for the more primitive methods of trial by combat.


It is declared to be the common law of the state that no act which if done by one person would constitute a crime under the common law or statutes of this state is any less a crime if committed by two or more persons or corporations acting in concert, and no act which under the common law or statutes of this state is a wrongful act for which any person has a remedy against the wrongdoer if done by one person is any less a remedial wrong if done by two or more persons or corporations in concert, nor shall the injured person be denied relief in the courts of this state in law or equity except as such relief may be expressly limited by statute.


Intentionally left blank —Ed.


The general assembly hereby finds and determines that the matters contained in this article have important statewide ramifications for the labor force in this state. The general assembly, therefore, declares that the matters contained in this article are of statewide concern.


to (III) Repealed.

Source: Section 8-3-102 — Legislative declaration, https://leg.­colorado.­gov/sites/default/files/images/olls/crs2023-title-08.­pdf (accessed Oct. 20, 2023).

Green check means up to date. Up to date

Current through Fall 2024

§ 8-3-102’s source at colorado​.gov