C.R.S. Section 30-28-101

As used in this part 1, unless the context otherwise requires:


“Disposition” means a contract of sale resulting in the transfer of equitable title to an interest in subdivided land; an option to purchase an interest in subdivided land; a lease or an assignment of an interest in subdivided land; or any other conveyance of an interest in subdivided land which is not made pursuant to one of the foregoing.


“Evidence” means any map, table, chart, contract, or other document or testimony, prepared or certified by a qualified person to attest to a specific claim or condition, which evidence shall be relevant and competent and shall support the position maintained by the subdivider.


“Municipal planning commission” means any planning commission or other body charged with the functions of such commission of any city, city and county, or incorporated town, whether created pursuant to the authority of state statute or of home rule charter.


“Planning commission” means either a planning commission or, in a county where there is no planning commission, the board of county commissioners.


“Plat” means a map and supporting materials of certain described land prepared in accordance with subdivision regulations as an instrument for recording of real estate interests with the county clerk and recorder.


“Preliminary plan” means the map of a proposed subdivision and specified supporting materials, drawn and submitted in accordance with the requirements of adopted regulations, to permit the evaluation of the proposal prior to detailed engineering and design.


“Region” means the area encompassed by a regional planning commission, being the combined land areas subject to the jurisdiction of the participating governmental units.


“Sketch plan” means a map of a proposed subdivision, drawn and submitted in accordance with the requirements of adopted regulations, to evaluate feasibility and design characteristics at an early state in the planning.


“Subdivider” or “developer” means any person, firm, partnership, joint venture, association, or corporation participating as owner, promoter, developer, or sales agent in the planning, platting, development, promotion, sale, or lease of a subdivision.


Intentionally left blank —Ed.


“Subdivision” or “subdivided land” means any parcel of land in the state which is to be used for condominiums, apartments, or any other multiple-dwelling units, unless such land when previously subdivided was accompanied by a filing which complied with the provisions of this part 1 with substantially the same density, or which is divided into two or more parcels, separate interests, or interests in common, unless exempted under paragraph (b), (c), or (d) of this subsection (10). As used in this section, “interests” includes any and all interests in the surface of land but excludes any and all subsurface interests.


The terms “subdivision” and “subdivided land”, as defined in paragraph (a) of this subsection (10), shall not apply to any division of land which creates parcels of land each of which comprises thirty-five or more acres of land and none of which is intended for use by multiple owners.


Unless the method of disposition is adopted for the purpose of evading this part 1, the terms “subdivision” and “subdivided land”, as defined in paragraph (a) of this subsection (10), shall not apply to any division of land:


Which creates parcels of land, such that the land area of each of the parcels, when divided by the number of interests in any such parcel, results in thirty-five or more acres per interest;


Which could be created by any court in this state pursuant to the law of eminent domain, or by operation of law, or by order of any court in this state if the board of county commissioners of the county in which the property is situated is given timely notice of any such pending action by the court and given opportunity to join as a party in interest in such proceeding for the purpose of raising the issue of evasion of this part 1 prior to entry of the court order; and, if the board does not file an appropriate pleading within twenty days after receipt of such notice by the court, then such action may proceed before the court;


Which is created by a lien, mortgage, deed of trust, or any other security instrument;


Which is created by a security or unit of interest in any investment trust regulated under the laws of this state or any other interest in an investment entity;


Which creates cemetery lots;


Which creates an interest in oil, gas, minerals, or water which is severed from the surface ownership of real property;


Which is created by the acquisition of an interest in land in the name of a husband and wife or other persons in joint tenancy or as tenants in common, and any such interest shall be deemed for purposes of this subsection (10) as only one interest;


Which is created by the combination of contiguous parcels of land into one larger parcel. If the resulting parcel is less than thirty-five acres in land area, only one interest in said land shall be allowed. If the resulting parcel is greater than thirty-five acres in land area, such land area, divided by the number of interests in the resulting parcel, must result in thirty-five or more acres per interest. Easements and rights-of-way shall not be considered interests for purposes of this subparagraph (VIII).


Which is created by a contract concerning the sale of land which is contingent upon the purchaser’s obtaining approval to subdivide, pursuant to this article and any applicable county regulations, the land which he is to acquire pursuant to the contract;


Which creates a cluster development pursuant to part 4 of this article.


The board of county commissioners may, pursuant to rules and regulations or resolution, exempt from this definition of the terms “subdivision” and “subdivided land” any division of land if the board of county commissioners determines that such division is not within the purposes of this part 1.


“Subdivision improvements agreement” means one or more security arrangements which a county shall accept to secure the actual cost of construction of such public improvements as are required by county subdivision regulations within the subdivision. The “subdivision improvements agreement” may include any one or a combination of the types of security or collateral listed in this subsection (11), and the subdivider may substitute security in order to release portions of the subdivision for sale. The types of collateral which may be used as security under the “subdivision improvements agreement” are as follows: Restrictions on the conveyance, sale, or transfer of any lot, lots, tract, or tracts of land within the subdivision as set forth on the plat or as recorded by separate instrument; performance or property bonds; private or public escrow agreements; loan commitments; assignments of receivables; liens on property; letters of credit; deposits of certified funds; or other similar surety agreements. Security, other than plat restrictions, required under the “subdivision improvements agreement” shall equal in value the cost of improvements to be completed but shall not be required on the portion of the subdivision subject to plat restriction. The county shall not require security arrangements with collateral arrangements in excess of the actual cost of construction of the public improvements. The amount of security may be incrementally reduced as subdivision improvements are completed.


“Unincorporated” means situated outside of cities and towns, so that, when used in connection with “territory”, “areas”, or the like, it covers, includes, and relates to territory or areas which are not within the boundaries of any city or town.

Source: Section 30-28-101 — Definitions, https://leg.­colorado.­gov/sites/default/files/images/olls/crs2023-title-30.­pdf (accessed Oct. 20, 2023).

Unincorporated territory
County planning commission
Chairman - rules - staff - information - grants and gifts
Regional planning commission
Adoption of master plan - contents
Surveys and studies
Adoption of plan by resolution
Certification of plan
Regional planning commission approval - required when - recording
Zoning plan
Certification of plan - hearings
Regulation of size and use - districts - definitions - repeal
Enforcement - inspector - permits
Public welfare to be promoted - legislative declaration - construction
Regulations may be amended
Board of adjustment
Appeals to board of adjustment
District planning commissions
Existing structures - county property
Temporary regulations
Submission to division of planning
Higher standards govern
County court actions for civil penalties for zoning violations
Filing with county clerk and recorder
Appropriation authorized
Public utilities exceptions
Term of membership
Inclusion of land in regional planning commission
Notice of intent to withdraw
Planning commission responsibilities in a common geographic area
Concurrent planning jurisdiction - authorized agreements and contracts
Subdivision regulations
Subdivision plan or plat - access to public highways
Review of plats and other plans
Telecommunications research facilities of the United States - inclusions in planning and zoning
Safety glazing materials
Referral and review requirements
Guarantee of public improvements
Referral to municipality
Merger of lots - notice - hearing - assessment of merged parcels
Parking and electric vehicle charging stations - legislative declaration
Commissioners may adopt - emission performance standards required - reporting
Designation of zoned area - hearing
Purpose of codes
Amendment of building code
County building inspector - permit required - appeal
Board of review - qualifications - powers
Board of review - meetings - appeals
Copies of code available - evidence
Violation - injunction and other remedies
County court actions for civil penalties for building violations
Energy efficient building codes - legislative declaration - definitions
Charging station rules prohibited
Legislative declaration
Creation of land division study area
Preparation and adoption of plan for platting notice - withdraw from plan - requirements for adoption
Preparation of subdivision exemption plat
Preparation of deeds
Conveyance of title to district court
Recordation of subdivision exemption plat
Reconveyance of title to property owners
Assessment of costs
Cancellation of process
Limitation on liability
Legislative declaration
Cluster development
Water - sewage - roadways - notification to state engineer
Green check means up to date. Up to date

Current through Fall 2024

§ 30-28-101’s source at colorado​.gov