Credit against tax
- qualifying seniors
- legislative declaration
(1)Intentionally left blank —Ed.
(a)The general assembly hereby finds and declares that:
(I)Colorado’s affordable housing shortage is hurting seniors, making it more difficult for many seniors to afford housing;
(II)The senior property tax exemption was adopted by Colorado voters in 2000 in order to help seniors afford to stay in their homes;
(III)Many seniors are ineligible for the senior property tax exemption because they have owned their home for fewer than ten years or because they rent; and
(IV)Property tax rebates or tax-equivalent rebates for renters available under section 39-31-102 only assist seniors with incomes below very low thresholds.
(b)Intentionally left blank —Ed.
(I)Therefore, in order to help more seniors afford the high cost of housing in Colorado, the general assembly hereby intends to establish a refundable income tax credit for income-qualified seniors who do not qualify for the senior property tax exemption to help them afford the high cost of housing.
(II)In accordance with section 39-21-304 (1), the purpose of the tax expenditure created in this section is to provide tax relief for income-qualified seniors.
(c)The general assembly and the state auditor shall measure the effectiveness of the exemption in achieving the purpose specified in subsection (1)(b)(II) of this section based on the number of taxpayers who have claimed the exemption.
(2)As used in this section, unless the context otherwise requires:
(a)“Credit” means a credit against income tax that is created in this section.
(b)“Qualifying senior” means a resident individual who:
(I)Is sixty-five years of age or older at the end of 2022;
(II)Has a federal adjusted gross income that is less than or equal to seventy-five thousand dollars for the income tax year commencing on January 1, 2022; and
(III)Has not claimed a property tax exemption under section 39-3-203 for the property tax year commencing on January 1, 2022.
(3)For the income tax year commencing on January 1, 2022, a qualifying senior is allowed a credit against the tax imposed by this article 22 in an amount set forth in subsection (4) of this section.
(4)Intentionally left blank —Ed.
(a)The amount of the credit is one thousand dollars for a qualifying senior with federal adjusted gross income that is twenty-five thousand dollars or less. For every five hundred dollars of adjusted gross income above twenty-five thousand dollars, the amount of the credit is reduced by ten dollars.
(b)The credit is the same whether it is claimed by one taxpayer filing a single return or two taxpayers filing a joint return. In the case of two taxpayers who share the same primary residence and who may legally file a joint return but actually file separate returns, both taxpayers may claim the credit, but the maximum credit for each is five hundred dollars and, for every five hundred dollars of adjusted gross income above twenty-five thousand dollars, the amount of the credit is reduced by five dollars.
(c)Notwithstanding subsections (4)(a) and (4)(b) of this section, a taxpayer who also qualifies for a grant under article 31 of this title 39 during calendar year 2022 is eligible to receive the full credit without an income-based reduction that otherwise applies for the taxpayer under subsection (4)(a) or (4)(b) of this section.
(5)Intentionally left blank —Ed.
(a)Any amount of the credit that exceeds the qualifying senior’s income taxes due is refunded to the qualifying senior.
(b)To the extent permitted by federal law, the credit is not income or resources for the purpose of determining eligibility for the payment of public assistance benefits and medical assistance benefits authorized under state law or for a payment made under any other publicly funded programs.
(6)The department of revenue may use the reports received from the property tax administrator in accordance with section 39-3-207 (7) for purposes of confirming that a taxpayer meets the eligibility requirement set forth in subsection (2)(b)(III) of this section.
Section 39-22-544 — Credit against tax - qualifying seniors - creation - legislative declaration - definitions,
https://leg.colorado.gov/sites/default/files/images/olls/crs2023-title-39.pdf (accessed Oct. 20, 2023).